Africa is one of the oldest continents in the world, with many diverse natural resources. It is the second largest continent in the world with an area of 30,000,000 km², with a total of 54 countries, similar to a set of common characteristics. , But different from each other in the proportion of natural and economic resources, population density, and geographical area.
Africa has a global share of the production of most raw materials. The African economy depends on industry, trade, agriculture and tourism, but it is weak because of the lack of sufficient capacity to exploit natural resources in the best way. This is clearly illustrated by the suffering of a large number of people Africa is poverty, prompting many African countries to export primary goods and raw materials to world countries for foreign exchange.
Equatorial Guinea is Africa’s richest country
Equatorial Guinea is the richest African country in 2016 according to IMF data indicating that the purchasing power of individuals in the GDP of Equatorial Guinea is about 38,699,093 dollars. The following is a collection of information on Equatorial Guinea:
Equatorial Guinea is located on the western side of the continent of Africa. It runs between latitudes 30 to 20 and 11 from the east, and widths 45-3-25 from the north. It shares northern borders with Cameroon. On both sides of the south Eastern is bordered by Gabon and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the western side, with an area of 28,051 km². Malabo is its official capital, and the tropical climate affects the general weather in Equatorial Guinea.
The reliance on oil and gas reserves in the 1990s contributed to the economic growth of Equatorial Guinea, resulting in an increase in the GDP to more than $ 29,000 in 2014. The agriculture and forestry sector is also a secondary part of GDP. Equatorial Guinea On cocoa, which contributes to a proportion of its economic financial returns.
The country of Equatorial Guinea hosted two conferences on economic diversification in 2014 to focus on investment. Five sectors were mainly concerned: financial services, tourism, petrochemicals, mining, fishing, animal husbandry, agriculture, mineral resources of Equatorial Guinea Of zinc, diamonds, gold and other minerals.
The estimated population of Equatorial Guinea in 2016 was 870,000 according to the United Nations. The population of Equatorial Guinea is composed of diverse ethnic groups: Fang, Bubi, Mudu, Anubon, Boujiba and other ethnic groups and minorities. Both Spanish and French are the official and spoken languages of the population. Popular languages are also used among the Fang and language communities And Christianity is spread among the population; most of them belong to the Roman Catholic community, and idolatry is also spread among other population groups.
The geography of Equatorial Guinea varies, and includes many forms of geographical terrain, most notably the coast of Rio Moni, which is the extension of the continental part of the State on the shores of the low slopes to the south, and a coastal plain located 12 miles from the coastal hills, leading to the emergence of inland plains It rises towards the common border with the State of Gabon. The central area is the water bodies of the Mabini River Basin, which extends north of the southern basin of the Otamboni River. The coastal plain contains a group of sediments and the remote areas of Guinea And Aiah are composed of metamorphic rocks and affected by a variety of processes of erosion and filtration; resulting in poor soil resulting therefrom.
Equatorial Guinea contains many unique natural and tourist attractions, with the following information:
- Boiko Island is a volcanic island that reflects the beauty of nature in Equatorial Guinea. The island covers a range of rainforests and jungles, home to many endangered species, and beaches with sea turtles are spread along the southern coast of the island.
- Bata: the main point of entry into the territory of Equatorial Guinea, containing many new roads with electric lights, which emerged during the decade of innovations in the city.
- Mont Allen National Park is a park about two hours from Bata, a 540-square-mile nature reserve with many large African animals. It is home to gorillas, forest elephants, birds and crocodiles.
- Corsica Island: An island that reflects the traditional life of Africa. It also contributes to the Spanish colonialization of Africa. The communities on the island are very small and contribute to the preservation of their traditional life.
A series of archaeological discoveries indicate that Sangwan culture spread throughout Equatorial Guinea at an early time. In 1471, the Portuguese discovered the territory of Anubon in Equatorial Guinea, which was uninhabited at the time; they tried to develop it. In 1778, , And the coast extending from Niger to modern Gabon, all under Spanish occupation. In 1958, Equatorial Guinea became known as the Spanish Republic of Guinea, and became one of the provinces of Spain. In 1964, two provinces were established: Rio Moni and Fernando Bo Independent), and in 1968 won a sovereign government; which led to the independence of the state, known as the Republic of Equatorial Guinea.